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Steph
3 years

English Lesson Cards - make your requests here. Links below. *New for those who haven't seen it*

This is the 2nd card like this. All the links from that card are here under the first comment. You can still comment and add requests, but this way people will find the links more easily. Just add your own comment under the links, not within them. 😊

As always, requests are welcome.

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140 コメント
Steph投稿者
Advanced past tense verb forms (special for Garsbriel) http://plag.com/post/828244956/
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Steph投稿者
This, that, these and those http://plag.com/post/1412001326/ *for QLMX*
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Steph投稿者
Either, Neither, Or, Nor http://plag.com/post/1374609543/ *for makoto*
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Steph投稿者
Weather, Whether, Wether? http://plag.com/post/456174951 *for makoto*
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Steph投稿者
Learnt / learned and many others: *special for Cat* http://plag.com/post/175331760
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♒QLMX**
These and Those 😁
Mineko ❓
People and Persons
Biagius
why you said 'oh goodness'?
Steph投稿者
Biagius, I kept leaving the link in the wrong place 😅
Biagius
Steph, 🍀🚒
makoto_to
Hi again. Would you teach me about wether, nor, either and neither?
Steph投稿者
Sure. That'll be a few different cards maybe.
🐾Gustachio🌲
That one is easy, either or, neither nor. Whether one believes it or not.
makoto_to
Thank you, Steph! That simple.
Steph投稿者
I dropped a definition there Joey
JADED JOEY (🙊5)
Steph, I've seen it. I'm afraid I have to look up half of the words of your comment to find out what it says. 😊 You're the kind of teacher who doesn't offer easy solutions. 😉
Steph投稿者
Joey - oh no! That's not good. I would have hoped it helped, not created more work. And I do offer the easy solution! Tips and Tricks!
Steph投稿者
Okay friends, sorry I've been slacking off. I will get back to it :)
Steph投稿者
Someone asked for something on another card and I can't find it :(
Biagius
5 minutes ago, I "wrote" or “have written“ a letter?
Steph投稿者
I would use "I wrote" in the case when the whole situation was in the past tense, probably, and "have written" if it was still unresolved. Both are correct, but situation matters there I think.
dianargenti
Steph, ooh thats awesome!
mallepietje
Steph, but wouldn't it then be *since* five minutes ago? (in the case of have written). Or is it then have been writing?
Andre
Steph, I have a question concerning word order. I want to ask somebody: "Why do you care about money so much?" Or better (?) "Why do you care so much about money?" Or perhaps: "Why do you so much care about money?" Can you clear up my confusion?
Steph投稿者
I would use either of the first two, but the last is a bit awkward. This is really a choice - and it's about emphasis and what feels right as you roll the words around in your mouth. And that's really all. The first is a bit kinder than the 2nd. The 2nd has a bit of an annoyed edge, whereas the first could do, or it could be benign. I feel this is a horrible explanation. :(
Andre
Steph, Thank you, I find it very helpful. Especially regarding the subtle nuances.
Steph投稿者
Andre, you're very welcome. Glad to help.
Rolo Tomasi
Great card. So here is my question: I never know which word I should use between these and those, and also between this and that.
Steph投稿者
ah, you're asking about proximity. These and this are near to you, those and that are somewhere off over there *waves into middle distance*
Rolo Tomasi
Steph, thanks! And when I'm talking about something I mentioned earlier? For example "I didn't ask about that" sounds better to me than "I didn't ask about this".
Steph投稿者
Rolo, you're correct, and it is because that is in the past - it's distance of a different sort.
Rolo Tomasi
Steph, I didn't know *that*. Thanks a lot!
Steph投稿者
Rolo, you're very welcome. :)
Rolo Tomasi
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mirkobau
Here's a question from an Italian user: https://plag.com/post/14098890/
JADED JOEY (🙊5)
OK. Someone seems to insist on the rule "make your request here". Fine! This is a question about the English translations (plural) of the German word unterdrücken. If you don't speak German, it's what teachers do with their pupils. http://plag.com/post/1000151234/
Andre
What is wrong with the following sentence: "This is so smart an idea!" And what is with the following sentence: "It is too good an answer" instead of "Your answer is too good (in this special situation)"
Steph投稿者
The proper way is This is such a smart idea because smart is an adjective modifying idea, you keep them together. The other is fine, a bit awkward, but not patently incorrect.
Andre
Steph, I see. The second one is not a modifying adjective but a predicative one, right? Anyway, thank you very much.
Steph投稿者
pretzel, the 2 examples for too good have slightly different connotations too
Andre
Steph, may I ask you to explain the difference? I'm very interested in such details.
Steph投稿者
pretzel, One focuses on the person, the other focuses on the answer
Andre
Steph, very interesting, thank you.
⁝...╚🔵👃🔵╝...⁝
*About or around* "I came *about* a minute ago." or "I came *around* a minute ago."? "I'll be there in *about* half an hour" or "I'll be there in *around* half an hour" It took me *around* 5 minutes to write this. It took me *about* 5 minutes to write this. He lived on an island for *around* half a year. He lived on an island for *about* half a year.
SitiSchu
I think it's *around* 5 pm and *about* an hour
🚀 Josh
Interchangeable. SitiSchu is right though most would never notice.
Steph投稿者
Hey Square :) In the case of time, about and around both mean "approximately" - there's a little nuance though. When I say "around" it means I don't really know or care, and when I say "about" it means I'm not certain, but I'm more certain than if I said "around". If that makes sense.
⁝...╚🔵👃🔵╝...⁝
Steph, makes sense, thanks!
🍼🏍🔥Garsbriel❓
Pro Creator
Should we have to go on learning English. Great Britain is going out Europe Union... BREXIT is the winner http://plag.com/post/1169132899/
Rolo Tomasi
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Steph投稿者
Garsbriel. Of course English, if only so you can speak to me. 😊 Because you never teach me French!
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🍼🏍🔥Garsbriel❓
Pro Creator
Steph I'll try to do my best for teaching you some French words, meanwhile I didn't know you'd like to... I'm a very bad teacher, and absolutely unable to do like you... 😜
Steph投稿者
🔥 Garsbriel ❓ ¯\_(ツ)_/¯, je taime? Is that a correct phrase?
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🍼🏍🔥Garsbriel❓
Pro Creator
Steph Yes... You make me reddish... 😳 It's my preferred verb in French, and I use it a lot here... I feel proud if you learnt it by me... 😘
Steph投稿者
🔥 Garsbriel ❓ ¯\_(ツ)_/¯, I did learn it from you, and I'm glad I remembered it right 😘
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🍼🏍🔥Garsbriel❓
Pro Creator
Steph So pleased that you revived this card... Just found this chat between us... I am so proud that you learnt "Je t'aime" in French from me... 😘
Steph投稿者
🍼🏍🔥 Garsbriel ❓, yes, me too!
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Jabba Ree 🌹
Can you do one for dash punctuation? I mean this 👉 -
Steph投稿者
That’s a hyphen, but I think what you mean is this: — and it’s all about emphasis. It takes the place of a comma, semicolon, colon or parentheses. Its use varies—when you interrupt yourself is pretty common, and to set off remarks that are more than an aside (for that you want a parenthetical phrase). What I usually want is two—one at the beginning and one at the end of a subordinate clause—and yes, I use it for emphasis. :) And even tho I use them informally, the correct use is no spaces around them.
Jabba Ree 🌹
Steph, hmm, that's interesting. We call hyphen what we put between two words like Spider-man. Usually, it's used with complex nouns that have two words, but one meaning. Same with Spider-man. The hyphen points out that he's a spider and a man simultaneously. Is it same in English?
Steph投稿者
Jabba Ree 🌹, yes, a hyphen is the short symbol you used. The dash is longer — use two hyphens to make a dash.
Freistaat
Steph, it alienates me that there are no spaces used before and after the dash. It would make it much easier to distinguish dashes and hyphens.
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Jabba Ree 🌹
Steph, oh, now I see what you mean. My phone doesn't turn it into a dash. That's why I used hyphen.
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Steph投稿者
Freistaat, if it’s not in the middle of the word, just consider it a dash. :)
Freistaat
Steph, that’s difficult for Germans. We do connect words with hyphens to combine their meanings very often.
Steph投稿者
Freistaat, that’s interesting. I always thought you just made really long compound words. We have common hyphenated words, and some that aren’t that I think should be. Cooperate is one, because it’s said like it ought to be hyphenated: co-operate.
mallepietje
Freistaat, yes indeed. The easiest to read would be a space before the start and after the end, but not to the text inside. I actually thought that was the correct way, but apparently not. No space seems odd.
Steph投稿者
mallepietje, I agree, it does seem odd, and that why I generally use the spaces when I use a dash here.
Steph投稿者
mallepietje, mallepietje, hmm. I’m fairly certain no one outside of coders is actually using unicode to find their correct character :)
mallepietje
Steph, hmm... I see I accidentally pasted the wrong link https://www.punctuationmatters.com/hyphen-dash-n-dash-and-m-dash/
Steph投稿者
mallepietje, oh! Okay, I’ll see this one then. :)
Steph投稿者
mallepietje, that’s a great explanation
mallepietje
Steph, I thought so too. However, it would be much simpler if we'd use just 1 type.
Steph投稿者
mallepietje, I think it would be confusing if the hyphenated word and the independent clause used the same. Otherwise, I agree.
mallepietje
Steph, sorry, lost me 😜
Freistaat
mallepietje, it’s a really helpful links. I think I’m gonna go by this rule: “If you use the ‘wrong-n’ method and use it consistently, it works fine and seems to keep the greatest number of people happy.”
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Steph投稿者
mallepietje, if you separated an independent clause with just a hyphen, it would look funny. Like this: I’m too tired to run-it takes so much energy-so I’ll just exercise tomorrow. See, it looks like those are hyphenated words.
mallepietje
Steph, maybe you could use commas instead?
Steph投稿者
mallepietje, you could. But there’s a reason to use the dashes, a reason to use parentheses, and a reason to use commas. All of them give different cues to your reader. That’s who the punctuation is for, after all.
mallepietje
Steph, yes, what's the difference in this case (the example in your former comment)? I'm too tired to run, it takes too much energy, so I'll just exercise tomorrow.
Steph投稿者
mallepietje, read them both and hear the way it sounds in your head. The dashes make the phrase more of a separate and additional comment (and you reworded it, which changes it too). The commas make it more of an explanation or excuse. Definitely not my meaning and intention. Parentheses would make it an aside.
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mallepietje
Steph, sorry, I tried, but to me it sounds the same. Maybe because English is not my native language. In Dutch, you could just use commas instead. However, if you use dashes, it puts a little more emphasis on that phrase than commas would do. Btw, in Dutch, there is a space before and after the dash.
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Steph投稿者
mallepietje, in English it’s a bit more emphasis too.
B Samson [WildFyre]
How do you pronounce "R" s?
Steph投稿者
Personal question. However. In the beginning or middle of a word, “r” but at the end, “ah”
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mallepietje
Steph, not if pronounce by a pirate! Arrrrrr
Restricted User
Pro Creator
Good Card...thx for revive 😊
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Coqui
Can you teach on alas. Also random question are you an English mayor?
Steph投稿者
Yes, my undergraduate degree is in English, and my graduate degree is in Library and Information Science. Alas? You mean when to use it?
Coqui
Steph, yes ma’am when to use it!
Coqui
Steph, whoa your super smart(I sound like a child often my bad if I come across that)!
Steph投稿者
Coqui, you use alas when you’re feeling woeful about something. Alas is a great word to use when you’re wishing an incident turned out differently than it did.
Coqui
Steph, okay next word I would like is wether and weather. Since it’s a confusing one to me. I know when the weather is “hot”. I use want to use the words correctly.
Coqui
Steph, for sure all of those thank you!
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IIJHONNYII
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Eva
カード投稿者により削除されました
Slowdowngandhi
Quick question. Is *since* also some kind of synonym for *because*?
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JADED JOEY (🙊5)
Yes. I love to use it. There is also "for" and "due". All are way cooler than because. 😊 Im afraid I use them wrong most of the time since I'm not a good student.
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Coqui
JADED JOEY (🙊5), that was a good one there.
Slowdowngandhi
But I wonder if they all mean exactly the same...
Steph投稿者
Slowdowngandhi, I was trained not to use since as a replacement for because. And “due to” as a replacement has rules attached. Also, “it’s been a long time since I wrote a letter” ... that instance cannot be replaced with because. If you’re looking for precision you probably just want because.
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